Topic: Best OG Philosophers 2015
Or simply the ones you take the most inspirational/actual philosophy from.
Here's my list:
1. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel -
Hegel is the probably the philosopher I hold the most interest in and take the most from. Marxists around the world owe practically everything theoretical to this guy, although practically none know it (Since Marx misinterpreted Hegel, reached similar conclusions on the same fucking shit and was pretentious as fuck claiming that he 'overcame philosophy').
There are a whole bunch of shitty myths about Hegel inherited from the Young Hegelians and Marx which simply aren't true. Hegel is often portrayed as an apologist for the Prussian state, even though he regarded Revolutionary France as the closest thing to his ideal state (Which would involve the overcoming of the master-slave relationship, gee sounds pretty familiar for commies) whilst also despising and being despised by German reactionaries. He is seen as 'racist' towards Africa, simply for regarding Africa to have not yet reached the same kind of free-ish state found in most of Western Europe. He is portrayed as an idealist for only considering mental labour (Untrue, master-slave dialectic is a pretty good example of this being bullshit same with his critique of idealism in his section of reason) and resolving contradictions in the Phenomenology with ideas (No shit, it's a book about philosophy, how the fuck can he resolve those contradictions with materialism?)
Also I think (And think Hegel thought) that the whole idealism-materialism things are shitty antinomies of Enlightenment thought. Materialism is often a form of idealism in a sense. An idealist would argue that reason is in god or ideas or some transcendental thing. A materialist would say that reason is in nature or the economy, everything comes from that. They both present an abstract Other that exists outside of humanity that people have to relate to in order to discover truth. Humanity is the real producer of truth, it doesn't exclude us from nature or society, it's simply a recognition that our knowledge of those things is our product. That's an overcoming or radicalisation of idealism-materialism, it's a form of absolute humanism.
2 - Georg Lukacs
Cool guy, reconciled aspects of Marxism with Hegelian thought (Although wasn't completely right on Hegel either). Developed the ideas of reification, critique of the antinomies of bourgeois thought and a whole bunch of other things. Revolutionary realpolitik and whatever.
He also had a critique of Hegel that I disagree with (But is less harsh than Marx's). He essentially argues that Hegel came close to Marxism but failed because he couldn't identify the proletariat as the subject-object of history and he's cool with this because the proletariat didn't exist when Hegel wrote the Phenomenology. Then he simply argues that this led him to become an undialectical idealist (False) and develop right-wing views (Also false). Despite this I think Hegel orients towards a collective human subject, he doesn't orient towards Spirit or science/philosophy. He doesn't think philosophy changes the world.
3 - Karl Marx
Yeah I don't need to explain this one.
4 - Kant
Precursor to Hegel with shitty moralism.
5 - Spinoza
Precursor to materialism with non-mystified bullshit.
6 - Descartes
Give her the dick
Precursor to Spinoza with shitty mysticism.
7 - Aristotle
Cool dude, hates the accumulation of wealth. Commie.
8 - Plato
Precursor to practically everything that came after him, able to portray Socrates as a total asshole in funny dialogues.